Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): health tipps for parents

What is Coronavirus? The disease caused by the new coronavirus was first discovered in Wuhan, China. This disease has been named 2019 Cor...

What is Coronavirus?
The disease caused by the new coronavirus was first discovered in Wuhan, China. This disease has been named 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)-"CO" stands for Corona, "VI" stands for Virus, and "D" stands for Disease. Previously, the disease was called "2019 New Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Disease".

Coronavirus disease 2019 is a new virus that belongs to the coronavirus family, which also includes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus and viruses that cause some types of common cold.

How does the virus spread?
The virus is transmitted through direct contact with respiratory droplets produced by an infected person when they cough or sneeze, and contact with the surface of objects contaminated by the virus. The virus may survive on the surface for several hours, but simple disinfectants can effectively kill the virus.

What are the symptoms after being infected with the virus?
Symptoms may include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, difficulty breathing, and even death.

These symptoms are similar to those caused by the flu or common cold, however the latter two diseases are more common than 2019 coronavirus disease. This is why 2019 coronavirus disease needs to be tested to confirm the diagnosis. It is important to keep in mind that the public can prevent these diseases with the same key measures, such as washing hands, coughing and sneezing (such as covering your nose and mouth with your elbows or paper towels, then throwing them into a closed bin in). You can also help yourself and your child to prevent the flu by getting the latest flu vaccine.

How to avoid the risk of infection?
There are four protective measures you and your family can take to prevent infection:

Cover your mouth and nose with your elbows or tissues when you cough or sneeze, then immediately dispose of the used tissues

Wash your hands often with soap and water or use alcohol-free hand sanitizer

If you have symptoms such as fever, cough and dyspnea, please seek medical treatment early and inform the medical staff of your recent travel history

Avoid close contact with anyone who has a cold or flu-like symptoms

How to wash your hands scientifically?
Step 1: Wet hands with water

Step 2: Apply soap to your hands

Step 3: Rub your hands carefully for at least 20 seconds, including the back of your hands, between your fingers, and between the nails

Step 4: Rinse the foam with running water

Step 5: Dry your hands with a clean cloth or disposable towel

Wash your hands frequently, especially before eating, after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing, and after using the toilet.

In the absence of soap and water, use a disposable hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol. If your hands become contaminated, be sure to wash your hands with soap and water.

Should I wear a medical mask?
If you have a cough or sneeze, it is recommended that you wear a medical mask to protect the health of others. If you do not have any symptoms, you do not need to wear a mask.

In the case of wearing a mask, the mask must be properly used and disposed of to ensure protection and avoid increasing the risk of virus transmission.

The use of masks alone is not sufficient to prevent infection, and hands must be washed frequently. At the same time, cover your mouth and nose when sneezing and coughing, and avoid close contact with anyone who has a cold or flu-like symptoms (such as coughing, sneezing, fever).

Will children be infected with the virus?
Given that this is an emerging virus, our understanding of the impact of the virus on children or pregnant women is still limited. The current situation shows that people of any age may be infected with the virus, but so far, relatively few confirmed cases of children with coronavirus disease in 2019. The virus can cause death in rare cases. As of now, the main deaths are elderly people with underlying diseases.

What to do if my child has symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019?
Seek medical attention, but keep in mind that it is also the northern hemisphere's flu season, and some symptoms of coronavirus disease (such as cough or fever) in 2019 may be similar to those of flu or common cold, which is more common.

Continue to maintain good personal hygiene by washing your hands frequently and vaccinating your children in a timely manner to protect your child from other viruses and bacteria.

As with other respiratory infections, such as the flu, if you or your child develop symptoms, seek medical attention as soon as possible, and try to avoid going to public places (such as workplaces, schools, public transportation, etc.) to prevent transmission to others.

What to do if family members show symptoms?
If you or your child develop symptoms such as fever, cough, or difficulty breathing, see a doctor early. If you have any of the following, please contact medical staff in advance and let them know: you have been to an area where the coronavirus disease outbreak was reported in 2019, or you have had close contact with someone who has traveled to these areas and has respiratory symptoms.

Should I suspend my child first?
If your child has symptoms, see your doctor immediately and follow your doctor's order. If you have symptoms similar to other respiratory infectious diseases such as flu, ask your child to rest at home and avoid going to public places to prevent transmission to others.

If your child does not show any symptoms such as fever or cough, it is best to keep the child in school, unless a public health notice or other relevant warning or official recommendation requires that your child's school be suspended.

In addition to suspending children, teach them to maintain good hand and respiratory hygiene in schools and other places, such as washing hands frequently, covering with elbows or paper towels when coughing or sneezing, and throwing paper towels into closed trash In the bucket, do not touch your eyes, mouth and nose with dirty hands.

What should I pay attention to when traveling with my family?
If you plan to travel abroad, you should usually check whether the country of entry has entry restrictions and quarantine requirements, and you need to pay attention to other related travel warnings.

In addition to general travel warnings, in order to prevent quarantine or denial of entry when returning home, we recommend that you check the latest update on COVID-19 posted on the International Air Transport Association website, where restrictions are listed in each country.

During the trip, parents should take care of themselves and their children in accordance with standard hygiene measures: wash their hands frequently, or use disposable hand sanitizers with an alcohol content of not less than 60% to disinfect and maintain good respiratory hygiene (use elbows when coughing or sneezing Or cover your mouth and nose with a paper towel, and then immediately throw the used paper towel into the trash can) to avoid close contact with the person who is coughing or sneezing. In addition, parents are advised to bring disposable hand sanitizer, paper towels, and disinfectant wipes with them.

Other suggestions include: immediately after entering the aircraft or other vehicles, wipe the seats, armrests, touch screen, etc. with disinfectant wipes. In hotels or other accommodations where you stay with your family, you should also use disinfectant wipes to wipe the keys, door handles, remote controls, etc.

Will coronavirus be transmitted from mother to child?
There is not enough evidence to suggest that there is a mother-to-child transmission of coronavirus or that it has a potential impact on the fetus. Further research is ongoing. Pregnant women should continue to take appropriate precautions to avoid their own exposure to the viral environment. Seek medical attention as soon as possible if you have symptoms such as fever, cough or dyspnea.

Is breastfeeding safe if the mother is infected with a coronavirus?
In areas affected by the epidemic, mothers should seek medical advice and follow the doctor's advice as soon as possible if they have symptoms such as fever, cough or dyspnea.

Considering the benefits of breastfeeding and the insignificant role of breast milk in transmitting other respiratory viruses, mothers can continue breastfeeding while taking all necessary protective measures.

For mothers who are symptomatic but still able to breastfeed their babies normally, appropriate protective measures should be taken, including wearing a mask when approaching the child (including during breastfeeding), washing hands before and after contact with the child (including breastfeeding), and Clean / disinfect contaminated surfaces. These requirements also apply to all confirmed or suspected 2019 cases of coronavirus, including children.

If the mother is seriously ill, consider encouraging her to squeeze out breast milk and then feeding the baby with a clean cup and / or spoon while taking the precautionary measures described above.

What emergency response work is UNICEF currently working on?
UNICEF's ongoing outbreak response work focuses on supporting China and other countries and regions in East Asia and the Pacific. To date, most of the reported cases have come from the region. Since January 29, UNICEF has shipped more than 13 tons of supplies to China, including protective clothing, masks, goggles and gloves for medical personnel. At the same time, UNICEF is actively planning and raising more supplies to meet the needs of key areas.

Given the many uncertainties and the spread of the virus, UNICEF is working closely with governments, the World Health Organization and other partners to support emergency planning in other regions, especially those with weak health systems Countries with limited ability to respond to major disease outbreaks.

On February 17, UNICEF called for $ 42.3 million to support the global fight against the 2019 coronavirus disease epidemic. The initial funds raised will be used to support UNICEF's efforts to slow the spread of the virus, including strengthening public health information and clarifying misinformation, so that children, pregnant women and their families can learn more about preventive measures against coronavirus disease 2019, And ways to find support.

Read more about fundraising appeals

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Our Health Guides: Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): health tipps for parents
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): health tipps for parents
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