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How Long Does SARS-CoV-2 Last on Surfaces? What We Know COVID-19

 It’s on everybody’s mind, to some extent, right now. If a surface is contaminated with the SARS-CoV-2virus, how long does it pose a risk of infection? The virus is thought to mainly spread through respiratory droplets. These are produced in a cloud when a person coughs or sneezes, or even talks. Some potentially-virus-laden droplets might end up getting breathed in by other people in the vicinity. But many of them end up landing on objects like door handles or water faucets.  When that happens, infectious disease experts refer to that door handle as a fomite. And if a person then touches the fomite while the virus is still infectious, they can then spread it to new surfaces, or actually infect themselves. Fomites aren’t just for viruses -- any type of pathogen can create fomites -- but we’re talking about viruses… obvious reasons. The good news is that SARS-CoV-2 virus particles don't last forever -- or even all that long. Eventually, the protein coat that allows the virus to actu

10 Ways to Lose Weight Without Dieting


Sure, you'll reduce quickly. There are many fad diets that employment to shed pounds rapidly -- while leaving you feeling hungry and deprived. But what good is losing weight only to regain it? to stay pounds off permanently, it is best to reduce slowly. and lots of experts say you'll do this without happening a "diet." Instead, the key's making simple tweaks to your lifestyle.


One pound of fat -- is adequate to 3,500 calories. By shaving 500 calories each day through dietary and exercise modifications, you'll lose a few pound every week . If you simply got to maintain your current weight, shaving 100 calories each day is enough to avoid the additional 1-2 pounds most adults gain annually .

Adopt one or more of those simple, painless strategies to assist reduce without happening a "diet":

1.Eat Breakfast a day . One habit that's common to several people that have lost weight and kept it off is eating breakfast a day . "Many people think skipping breakfast may be a good way to chop calories, but they typically find yourself eating more throughout the day, says Elizabeth Ward, MS, RD, author of The Pocket Idiot's Guide to the New Food Pyramids. "Studies show people that eat breakfast have lower BMIs than breakfast-skippers and perform better, whether at college or within the boardroom." Try a bowl of whole-grain cereal topped with fruit and low-fat dairy for a fast and nutritious start to your day.

2.Close the Kitchen in the night . Establish a time once you will stop eating so you will not concede to the late-night munchies or mindless snacking while watching television. "Have a cup of tea, suck on a bit of candy or enjoy alittle bowl of sunshine frozen dessert or yogurt if you would like something sweet after dinner, on the other hand brush your teeth so you'll be less likely to eat or drink anything ," suggests Elaine Magee, MPH, RD, WebMD's "Recipe Doctor" and therefore the author of food Makeovers.

3.Choose Liquid Calories Wisely. Sweetened drinks pile on the calories, but don't reduce hunger like solid foods do. Satisfy your thirst with water, soda water with citrus, skim or milk , or small portions of 100% fruit crush . Try a glass of nutritious and low-calorie vegetable juice to carry you over if you get hungry between meals. take care of alcohol calories, which add up quickly. If you tend to drink a glass or two of wine or a cocktail on most days, limiting alcohol to the weekends are often an enormous calorie saver.

4.Eat More Produce. Eating many low-calorie, high-volume fruits and vegetables crowds out other foods that are higher in fat and calories. Move the meat off the middle of your plate and pile on the vegetables. Or try starting lunch or dinner with a vegetable salad or bowl of broth-based soup, suggests Barbara Rolls, PhD, author of The Volumetrics Eating Plan. The U.S. government's 2005 Dietary Guidelines suggest that adults get 7-13 cups of produce daily. Ward says that's not really so difficult: "Stock your kitchen with many fruits and vegetables and at every meal and snack, include a couple of servings," she says. "Your diet are going to be enriched with vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, fiber, and if you refill on super-nutritious produce, you will not be reaching for the cooky jar ."

5.Go for the Grain. By substituting whole grains for refined grains like light bread , cakes, cookies, and pretzels, you add much-needed fiber and can refill faster so you're more likely to eat an inexpensive portion. Choose whole-wheat breads and pastas, rice , bran flakes, popcorn, and whole-rye crackers.

6.Control Your Environments. Another simple strategy to assist cut calories is to regulate your environment -- everything from stocking your kitchen with many healthy options to picking the proper restaurants. meaning avoiding the temptation by staying faraway from all-you-can-eat restaurants. And when it involves parties, "eat a healthy snack before so you will not be starving, and be selective once you fill your plate at the buffet," suggests Ward. Before going back for more food, wait a minimum of quarter-hour and have an enormous glass of water.

7.Trim Portions. If you probably did nothing else but reduce your portions by 10%-20%, you'd reduce . Most of the portions served both in restaurants and reception are bigger than you would like . Pull out the measuring cups to urge a handle on your usual portion sizes, and work on paring them down. Get instant portion control by using small bowls, plates, and cups, says Brian Wansink, PhD, author of Mindless Eating. you will not feel deprived because the food will look plentiful on dainty dishware.

8.Add More Steps. Get yourself a pedometer and gradually add more steps until you reach 10,000 per day. Throughout the day, do whatever you'll to be more active -- pace while you talk on the phone, take the dog out for an additional walk, and march in situ during television commercials. Having a pedometer is a continuing motivator and reminder.

9.Have Protein at Every Meal and Snack. Adding a source of lean or low-fat protein to every meal and snack will help keep you feeling full longer so you're less likely to overeat. Try low-fat yogurt, small portion of nuts, spread , eggs, beans, or lean meats. Experts also recommend eating small, frequent meals and snacks (every 3-4 hours), to stay your blood glucose levels steady and to avoid overindulging.

10.Switch to Lighter Alternatives. Whenever you'll , use the low-fat versions of salad dressings, mayonnaise, dairy products, and other products. "You can trim calories effortlessly if you employ low-fat and lighter products, and if the merchandise is mixed in with other ingredients, nobody will ever notice," says Magee. More smart substitutions: Use salsa or hummus as a dip; spread sandwiches with mustard rather than mayo; eat plain roasted sweet potatoes rather than loaded white potatoes; use skimmed milk rather than cream in your coffee; hold the cheese on sandwiches; and use a touch vinaigrette on your salad rather than piling on the creamy dressing.

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